Upgrade your Python code by using Constants

In Python, a constant is a variable whose value is intended not to change. Constants are typically used to store values that are used frequently in a program, such as mathematical constants or other values that are used throughout the code.

There is no way to directly declare a constant in Python, as the language does not have a keyword or syntax for defining constants. However, there are a few conventions that are often followed to indicate that a variable should be treated as a constant.

One common convention is to use all uppercase letters for the names of constants, with words separated by underscores. For example:

Using constants in Python

Python constants are often declared and implemented in separate modules/files.

Using a Module


PI = 3.14159

Using constants

import constant


Using Constant module from the python-future

Another convention is to use the constant module from the python-future library, which provides a Constant class that can be used to define constants in a Python program. The Constant class works by raising an exception whenever an attempt is made to change the value of a constant.

from constant import Constant

PI = Constant(3.14159)
GRAVITY = Constant(9.8)

PI = 3.14  # Raises a ConstantError exception

It's important to note that these conventions are not enforced by the Python interpreter and are only followed as a matter of convention. It's possible to change the value of a constant if you really want to, so it's important to be mindful of this when using constants in your code.

Terillo Walls

Terrillo Walls

Software Consultant & Software Engineer